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Pakistan, further mentions:
Pakistan’s climate varies from tropical to temperate with arid conditions existing in the coastal south, characterized by a
monsoon season with adequate rainfall and a dry season with lesser rainfall.
Topography of Pakistan
The diversity of landscapes and climates in Pakistan allows for a wide variety of trees and plants to flourish in this region.
Coniferous forests in most of the northern and north-western highlands are found at altitudes ranging from 1,000m to 4,000m.
Markhor, Pakistan’s national animal.
According to statistics, 2.5% or about 1,902,000 hectares (19,020 km
2) of Pakistan was forested in 2000. 
Similar to the vegetation, the animal life in Pakistan reflects the varied climatic regions of the land.
In the north, a wide variety of animals have found home in the mountainous regions including the
Marco Polo sheep, Urial sheep, Markhor and Ibex goats, black and brown Himalayan bears, and the rare Snow Leopard.
crows, sparrows and myna, hawks, falcons, and eagles are the more commonly found birds in Pakistan.
Vast sections of the
Indus flood plains have been cleared of natural vegetation to grow crops.
In recent years, the number of wild animals being killed for fur and leather trading led to a new law banning the hunting of wild animals and birds as well as the establishment of several wildlife sanctuaries and game reserves.
The lack of vegetative cover, severity of climatic conditions, and the impact of grazing animals on the deserts have left wild animals in a precarious position.
ZTBL bank is the largest public sector financial development institution.
Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy.
View of Islamabad City, Islamabad is perhaps Pakistan’s growing industrial centre mainly because of heavy foreign investment .
Recently, wide-ranging economic reforms have resulted in a stronger economic outlook and accelerated growth especially in the manufacturing and financial services sectors.
The 2005 estimate of foreign debt was close to US$40 billion.
GDP growth was steady during the mid-2000s at a rate of 7%;
The structure of the Pakistani economy has changed from a mainly agricultural base to a strong service base.
However, the economic crisis of 2008 led Pakistan to seek more than $100 billion in aid in order to avoid possible bankruptcy.
Despite being once listed as one of the most dangerous countries in the world by
tourism is still a growing industry in Pakistan because of its diverse cultures, peoples and landscapes.
there are many caves for cavers and tourists to visit especially the Juniper Shaft Cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave, Mughall saa cave, and Pakistan’s naturally decorated cave, the Mangocher Cave.
The northern parts of Pakistan are home to several historical fortresses, towers and other architecture including the
valleys, the latter being home to the
, a small pre-Islamic
During the 1990s, Pakistan began an ongoing project to rebuild all
throughout the country specifically to important financial, cargo and textile centres.
Karachi Port is one of South Asia’s busiest port, it also serves as a trade-hub for its landlocked neighbour Afghanistan.
The estimated population of Pakistan in 2010 was over 170 million
making it the world’s sixth most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Bangladesh.
The majority of southern Pakistan’s population live along the
Life expectancy at birth is 63 years for females and 62 years for males as of 2006
Population density in Pakistan.
Pakistan is a
country with more than sixty languages being spoken.
The population comprises several main ethnic groups (2009):
Punjabis (44.15%) 78.7 million
Pashtuns (15.42%) 27.2 million
Sindhis (14.1%) 24.8 million
Seraikis (10.53%) 14.8 million
Muhajirs (7.57%) 13.3 million
Balochs is (3.57%) 6.3 million Others (4.66%) 11.1 million
Smaller ethnic groups, such as
Kashmiris, Hindkowans, Kalash, Burusho, Brahui, Khowar, Ranghar, Meo, Shina, and Turwalis are mainly found in the northern parts of the country.
Islam 173,000,000 (97%) (the majority are Sunni Muslims, 5-20% are Shi’a and 2.3% are Ahmadis).
Hinduism 2,800,000 (1.6%) 
Christianity 2,800,000 (1.6%) 
Sikhs Around 20,000 (0.001%) The remaining are
Parsis, Buddhists, Jews, Bahá’ís and Animists (mainly the Kalasha of Chitral). 
According to the constitution of Pakistan, it is the state’s responsibility to provide free primary education.