Pakistan’s Nuclear Assets And Us, Part 1
Please, read Wikipedia article on Pakistan.The article mentions: “It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. The region forming modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures including the neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed force and is the only Muslim-majority nation to possess nuclear weapons. The name Pakistan means Land of (the) Pure in Urdu and Persian. The Indus region, which covers a considerable amount of Pakistan, was the site of several ancient cultures including the Neolithic era’s Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation (2500–1500 BCE) at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Waves of conquerors and migrants from the west—including Harappan, Indo-Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Sakas, Parthians, Kushans, Hephthalites, Afghans, Arabs, Turks and Mughals—settled in the region throughout the centuries, influencing the locals and being absorbed among them. However, in the medieval period, while the eastern provinces of Punjab and Sindh grew aligned with Indo-Islamic civilisation, the western areas became culturally allied with the Iranian civilisation of Afghanistan and Iran. Modern day Pakistan was at the heart of the Indus Valley Civilisation; that collapsed in the middle of the 2nd millennium BCE and was followed by the Vedic Civilisation, which also extended over much of the Indo-Gangetic plains. The Indo-Greek Kingdom founded by Demetrius of Bactria included Gandhara and Punjab from 184 BCE, and reached its greatest extent under Menander, establishing the Greco-Buddhist period with advances in trade and culture. In 712 , the Arab general Muhammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh and Multan in southern Punjab.
From 1947 to 1956, Pakistan was a Dominion of Pakistan in the Commonwealth of Nations. Civilian rule resumed in Pakistan from 1972 to 1977 under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, until he was deposed and later sentenced to death in 1979 by General Zia-ul-Haq, who became the country’s third military president.
The bicameral legislature comprises a 100-member Senate and a 342-member National Assembly. The Pakistani military has played an influential role in mainstream politics throughout Pakistan’s history, with military presidents ruling from 1958–71, 1977–88 and from 1999–2008.
|Balochistan||Islamabad Capital Territory|
|Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Federally Administered Tribal Areas including the Frontier Regions|
|Punjab||Azad Jammu and Kashmir|